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House Passes Senator Baldwin’s Bipartisan Legislation to Stop Student Debt Relief Scams

Baldwin’s reform heads to President Trump to be signed into law

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Today, the U.S. House of Representatives passed Senator Tammy Baldwin’s bipartisan Stop Student Debt Relief Scams Act, legislation that will enhance efforts to identify and shut down student debt relief scams. The Senate unanimously passed Baldwin’s legislation last week and it now heads to President Trump to be signed into law.

“I’m proud that my bipartisan legislation has passed the Senate and House and can now be signed into law by the President. Far too many students are already struggling with student loan debt, and they deserve to be protected from scammers and bad actors who are preying on their financial security,” said Senator Baldwin. 

With Americans facing more than $1.7 trillion in student loan debt, borrowers are looking for relief wherever they can find it. Debt relief scams falsely promise borrowers a quick fix with little hassle. These schemes robocall student loan borrowers until they agree to pay thousands of dollars in unnecessary fees for services that are available for free, claiming to reduce or forgive borrowers’ student debt.

In a March 2018 report, the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Inspector General recommended that Congress strengthen federal law to help stop scam artists that fraudulently obtain access to borrower’s online login credentials, primarily by imposing meaningful financial penalties and prosecuting individuals and entities perpetrating these scams. The Stop Student Debt Relief Scams Act would accelerate the end to this rampant misconduct.

The Stop Student Debt Relief Scams Act, introduced in April 2019 with Senators Mike Braun (R-IN), Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) and Deb Fischer (R-NE), will enhance law enforcement and administrative abilities to identify and shut down student debt relief scams. Specifically, the legislation will: 

  • Clarify that it is a federal crime to access U.S. Department of Education information technology systems for fraud, commercial advantage, or private financial gain, and impose fines on scammers for violations of the law;
  • Direct the U.S. Department of Education to create a new form of third-party access, akin to the current “preparer” function on the Free Application for Student Aid (FAFSA) for those applying on behalf of a student and their family, in order to protect legitimate organizations;
  • Require the U.S. Department of Education to maintain common-sense reporting, detection, and prevention activities to stop potential or known debt relief scams; and
  • Require student loan exit counseling to warn federal loan borrowers about debt relief scams.

Congresswoman Haley Stevens (MI-11) and Congressman Lloyd Smucker (PA-11) introduced and led the effort to pass the bipartisan legislation in the House. The bill is endorsed by the Education Finance Council, Generation Progress, National Consumer Law Center (on behalf of its low-income clients), National Council of Higher Education Resources, Student Loan Servicing Alliance, The Institute for College Access and Success, and Young Invincibles. 

More information about this legislation is available here. The full bill text is available here.